“At the foot of the mountains”this means Piedmont and this is precisely how the Region presents itself. But the mountains are just one aspect. Piedmont offers many scenarios to its visitors: vineyards, rivers, lakes, modern cities, medieval villages, ancient castles. It is here that some of the finest wines are born, not only in Italy but also in the world.
Arneis is a vine of the Roero, a hilly area lying along the left bank of the river Tanaro, where viticulture has been a common practice for centuries. Armeis is the vine of the Cuneo area par excellence. If in the Roero cloak the hills with concentrations higher than those of the black grape varieties, in the Langhe it is also very widespread, but definitely secondary. The maturation falls in the third week of September.
Barbera contends with Sangiovese the darkest grape-growing palm tree grown in Italy, with over 50,000 hectares of vines. In Piedmont, Barbera finds its territory of choice, giving rise to almost half the wine produced each year in the region. The areas of South-Piedmont, Langhe, Monferrato, Alba and Asti are its “dominions”.The maturation period is medium-late and, in Piedmont, it is placed subitoprima of that of Nebbiolo.
Cortese is a very popular and widespread vine in Piedmont, at least for a century. We find it mainly in southern Piedmont, therefore the areas of Alessandria, Tortona, Gavi.The Cortese has not known particular oscillations in the index of approval of the Piedmontese producers, who have always considered it a white vine of a certain importance. The vegetative cycle is medium or medium-late, with the harvest going to be placed in the last days of September.
We specify: “Dolcetto” does not derive from a characteristic of the wine, which is definitely dry, not sweet, but rather from grapes whose grapes are low in acidity, juicy and therefore “sweet”. In the Piedmont Region the area dedicated to this vine is very large and we can identify seven distinct geographical areas, which correspond to the same number of denominations. The Dogliani area, where Dolcetto is considered “the first vine”, enjoys the greatest prestige of DOCG. The vegetative cycle is precocious in all its phases, from budding to grape ripening.
Erbaluce is a variety subject to many synonymies, albaluce, bianchera, ambra.It is grown almost exclusively in the Turin area. Maturity is medium-early, third decade of September.
Freisa is one of the most ancient and important vines spread in Piedmont. The vine is diffused everywhere in the region, with a more marked presence in the Monferrato area. It is produced as Doc Freisa d’Asti and Freisa di Chieri. Grapes usually mature between the end of September and the beginning of October.
Grignolino is the original vine of the Monferrato hills between Asti and Casale, where it has maintained its almost exclusive election area. It is part of the composition of three DOC: Grignolino d’Asti, Grignolino del Monferrato Casalese and Piemonte Grignolino. The ripening period is medium late and the harvest is between the end of September and the first ten days of October.
- MOSCATO BIANCO
The Moscato is one of the largest and most diverse families of vines among all the known ones. The current name seems to derive from muscus, musk, due to the strong characteristic aroma that the French call musque’.In Piedmont it is by far the most cultivated white grape variety, and one of the main in many municipalities of the provinces of Cuneo, Asti, Alessandria. The harvest usually takes place in the second week of September.
Piedmontese vine par excellence, the Nebbiolo places with all probability its cradle in the area where it is currently most ‘cultivated, namely Alba and the Langhe. Two curiosities about the name: the first refers to the abundant presence of pruina on the peel of ripe berries, to the point of making them seem covered by the “nebbia” (fog), the second relies on the age of ripening of the grapes, very late and therefore coincident with the fog season on the hills of the Langhe. Matured in a decidedly late period, that is in the second half of October, and sometimes the harvest goes on until the first days of November.
It is an ancient vine present historically in the hilly area on the southern borders between Piedmont and Lombardy. Timorasso today is cultivated in the Tortona area where its presence endures in the form of rows or scattered plants but also with vineyards in purity. It has an early maturation, beginning of September, and is well suited to the higher areas.
- RED GRAPE VARIETY
- WHITE GRAPE VARIETY
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