The truffle is complicated, not simple. To be born requires special conditions that include the composition of the land, the climate, the trees. This precious tuber is born from the perfect union of these conditions.

White Truffle for its development it needs precise environmental, climatic and pedological conditions. The soil should preferably be marly-calcareous, clayey or sandy, at least 700 meters high, with moderate inclination, aerated but not excessively permeable, with presence in the surface layers of humidity even in the driest months, discreetly endowed with limestone, poor of phosphorus and nitrogen, rich in potassium, neutral, wetted by spring and summer rains, not far from streams but without stagnations.

This type of soil corresponds to that favorable to symbiotic plants, which are:

  • English Oak
  • Cerro
  • Durmast
  • Roverella (Quercus pubescens)
  • Black poplar
  • White poplar
  • Poplar carolina
  • Poplar fremulo
  • Nocciolo (Corylus avellana)

Black Truffle it needs calcareous soil and riccodi crushed stone, compact subsoil, which abounds in calcium carbonate and is poor in phosphorus and nitrogen, a soil whose geological profile corresponds to the result of the decay of rocks that occurred in the secondary Age. Since the mushroom requires a good heating of the soil, a consequence of direct insolation, the tree cover must always be at most 30%.

The symbiotic trees of the prized Black Truffle are:

  • Roverella (Quercus pubescens)
  • Leccio (Quercus ilex)
  • Cerro (Quercus cerris)
  • Tiglio (Tilia platyphyllos)
  • Nocciolo (Corylus avellana)


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